There are over 450 compounds in cannabis plants, 66 of them are referred to as cannabinoids, a chemical that acts on cannabinoid receptors in the human brain. This results in the alteration of neurotransmitter release. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) belong to the cannabinoids.

What is THC?

THC is usually referred to as the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, meaning that it affects your brain and gets you high. After consuming cannabis, THC stimulates your brain and enhances the release of dopamine. Depending on the dose of THC it can be sedative, stimulating or psychedelic.

What is CBD?

CBD is considered a non-psychoactive compound; it will not make you high. This may sound disappointing to recreational users as they usually smoke to get high, but this unique quality of CBD is what makes CBD interesting for medical purposes. Marijuana high in CBD has been found to have significant medical benefits without making its users feel stoned.

So what’s the difference between these two cannabinoids?

As noted above, the main difference between THC and CBD is that THC is psychoactive and CBD is non-psychoactive. In other words: THC affects your brain and gets you high while CBD won’t. CBD even has the capacity to reverse the effect of THC.
THC has been found to have the ability to make its users feel anxious; CBD has the opposite effect. It has even been shown that CBD can reduce the anxiety caused by the use of THC.
Also, THC has a wide range of effects on sleep because it works on the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for regulating sleep among other things. THC makes it easier to fall asleep, it makes you sleep longer and deeper and it enhances breathing in sleep apnea. CBD on the other hand, has the capacity to increase alertness.

With both THC and CBD there is no risk in overdosing.