Indica & Sativa

There are two main types of cannabis plants: Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, or just Indica and Sativa in short.

These two types of plants differ in several ways: origin, appearance, flowering time and yield size and effect. Cross-breeding these two types has led to a wide range of so-called hybrid strains. These hybrids can be 50/50, Indica-dominant or Sativa-dominant.


Cannabis Indica is believed to have originated from the Hindu Kush region in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Cannabis Sativa originates from areas around the equator like Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia.


The unique appearances both type of plants have, developed because of the different geographical locations both plants appear in the wild.

First, Indica plants usually grow short and wide; its leaves are wide and short with wide and short blades. The buds of the Indica plants are also wide, dense and bulk.

Sativa plants grow tall and thin; its leaves are long with thin long blades. The buds of Sativa plants are long and thin.

indica and sativa example

Flowering Time and Yield Size

While the flowering time of Indica’s is 8 to 12 weeks, Sativa’s have a flowering time of 10 to 16 weeks. Because Indica’s are smaller than Sativa’s in general, the yields of Indica’s are smaller on average as well.



  • Gives a body high
  • Relieves pain
  • Relaxes muscles, relieving spasms, seizures and headaches
  • Relieves anxiety and stress


  • Gives a so-called cerebral high
  • Gives energy and stimulates
  • Up-lifting
  • Increases focus and creativity

Because of this distinct contrast, Sativa strains are preferred for daytime and Indica strains for nighttime.

Popular Indica strains are White Widow, O.G. Kush and Northern Light.

Popular Sativa strains are Purple Haze.


Now you know all about the differences between Indica and Sativa, it is time to inform you about Cannabis Ruderalis. There is still some disagreement as to whether Ruderalis is a separate species or subspecies. The characteristic that sets Ruderalis apart is its grow cycle; the transition from grow- to flower period depends on the maturity of the plant and not the ratio of light/dark.

A pure Cannabis Ruderalis has low concentrations of THC, which makes her uninteresting to smoke. However, its stability, short grow cyclus and ability to start flowering automatically make her attractive to growers. The genes of the Ruderalis allows growers to create autoflowering hybrids.